Project in Detail
Our city - our urban spaces
København V, Denmark
Entasis, Copenhagen, Denmark
World Architecture Festival 2009 - Category Winner
Overview of district. Copenhagen in background.
Illustration Christian Cold
"Our city - our urban spaces” is the visionary, sustainable and politically approved urban project for transforming the industrial site of an old Danish brewery into a part of Copenhagen city. The site is an old brewery ground with a large amount of historical industrial buildings, which have been built throughout time, family fights and economies since 1847. The brewery was based here until 2008 when the production moved, leaving a 33ha site very close to the Copenhagen centre.
The project transforms the brewery site into a sustainable city district. The main thesis of the project is to build the district based on urban spaces and existing historical buildings.
The district plan was passed in February 2009. The district will be planned and built over the next 20 years. The base is the ‘sustainability in all its aspects’-mindset and the approach that the city district is built for the people.
City district of public spaces
"Our urban spaces" is a network of publicly accessible spaces in the form of gardens, squares, streets, alleys and a number of privately owned but publicly accessible buildings. "Our city" therefore means public space first, buildings second.
12 urban spaces have been given a functional and aesthetic code, from which they find their natural form. An urban space is essential for the nearby buildings and helps to encode architectural and functional form in the surroundings.
With a proposal seeking reconciliation of the density of the classic city and credible urban spaces - with state-of-the-art knowledge in sociology, architecture, art and engineering – the vision for a city district is created.
The project will show the district as an experience-machine. In the ashes of modernism’s problematic unequivocal prioritization of sun and air, a dense district with credible urban spaces will be reborn as framework for a sustainable district. The intention is that life in the district will be assembled in a structure more massive than seen in 100 years. the district goes, through its dense urban identity, in front of international development and demonstrates new ways of reconciling economical, social and environmental sustainability.
Eventful space sequences
The district will be especially good to move around in. Therefore the urban space sequences are made safe, comfortable and designed specifically for pedestrians and cyclists in varying sequences of context and contrast.
The urban spaces appear well defined and clear-cut both in character and in physical form, designed as scenographic networks and supported by the district’s towers, which act as markers in the surrounding city. Water is used as a guiding line throughout the district, and planting is an overriding factor that promotes the experience of a green district.
The district has genuine atmospheres and spatial units that are left over from the industry based here, which have to be cultivated rather than “cleared out and made nice”. The masterplan builds on the existing unique atmosphere, plants, secrets and contrasts. The existing basement plan is used as the imprint for the district’s unique urban spaces and has provided space sequences which are difficultly planned.
Life quality and social sustainability
The urban spaces provide a robust framework for varied forms of urban life; engage and create a sense of ownership for users, create proximity to the valuable places with plazas and parks around the corner. The urban spaces must by virtue of their differences appeal regardless of age, interest and annual income, and create meetings across inequalities. The new district isn’t a ‘corporate-building-district’, dead after 5pm. or a sleeping district solely with housing, but a multi-functional city district with culture, commerce, industries, homes and institutions with activities and life 365/7/24.
Sustainability in the district is based on a series of relations, which each contribute to a holistic picture of a lively district with high quality of urban life; a district which optimizes the framework for a good and responsible life for the individual, socially, economically and environmentally.
Social sustainability supports the creation of a strong and diverse city district where different functions coexist. The diversity of housing and different ownership is aimed at different target groups. The green, safe, healthy and accessible district, ability to arrive on bicycle everywhere, and the district’s widespread connection to the surrounding city are further themes in the social sustainability subject.
The economic potential of the old brewery site is raised to the highest level with a strong vision and a detailed masterplan. An industrial site is changed into a new city district in Copenhagen, distinguished from its old quality and content and given new ones based on the existing qualities. The lively and close city district in new and historical framework is the area’s attraction, and makes sure that many will live, work and use the area, and ultimately ensure economic earnings to the brewery which still owns the site and to traders and residents of the district.
Environmental sustainability minimizes resource use and environmental impacts. It’s reached by re-thinking the way we build and making a holistic masterplan dealing with all aspects of environmental impacts generated by the city. The goal is to make the district CO2-neutral. Using a minimum of energy and even producing new, reusing existing buildings as they are or as building materials, handling rainwater on site, securing efficient handling of garbage and increasing recycling with a waste strategy, securing optimal transportation conditions with a new train station and a network of cycle routes, securing urban spaces for people by making 95% of the car-parking underground are some of the tools securing sustainability and it a vibrant city district.
The sustainability circle
The sustainability in the district is the framework for a good and responsible city life. The complexity of the district is the basis but equally the goal, and the district will be a success when all relations have been examined and found their purpose. The sustainability circle describes the many overall measures to be handled in coherence, and is a graphical layout of the principal parts of the district’s sustainability.