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Project in Detail

Changi Airport Terminal 3

Transport
Singapore, Republic of
Woodhead Pte Ltd
2008

01 CT3 Arrivals Green Wall 
unspecified unspecified - Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore 


Changi Airport’s new passenger Terminal 3 is a seven-storey building with three basement and four levels above ground.
The impressive interior architecture of terminal 3 is characterised by a Singaporean ‘sense of place’. Located opposite the Changi Airport Terminal 2, the 380,000 square metres Terminal 3 and its associated works will add a capacity of 22 million passengers a year, bringing the total capability of Changi Airport to 70 million passengers. Terminal 3 will provide 28 additional aerobridge gates, with up to eight designed to handle the new generation of large aircraft, the Airbus 380.
The design philosophy for the terminal is to create a memorable airport experience which captures the Singaporean sense of place and reinforces its user friendliness and amenity. The Terminal 3 design is calming and spacious and is based around a 21st century airport model that reflects the airport’s economic importance along with a civic focus for the city and region.
Terminal’s interior architecture adopts an intuitive spatial layout, promoting ease of orientation and the optimization of natural light. The design implements the concept of ‘total journey experience’, an approach that focuses on the needs and experiences of the passenger at every stage of their travel process, from drop-off to departure, arrival to pick-up. This strategy supports a feeling of human scale and integrates functional planning with passenger facilities.
Four guiding design principles were implemented to carry through the design concept;
• Clarity: The passenger journey through Terminal 3 is simple and natural. Minimal signage required due to easy orientation via textures, materials, and subtle architectural cues.
• Natural light: The design for the interior architecture has maximised the application of this natural light available through the skylight roof structure.
• External Views: Passengers have extensive visual access to the external landscape, including the take-off and landing of aircraft, contributing to the terminal’s ‘total journey experience’ and overall sense of openness.
• Maintainability: Terminal 3 is designed for ease of maintenance, from materials finishes to furniture selection.
The terminal is divided into two distinct sections, Landside [areas accessible to the public] and Airside [areas accessible only to travelling passengers].
Landside
The check-in hall features a durable, polished stone floor of Giallo Dorado and Black Galaxy granite arranged in a linear pattern and flowing in the same direction as departing passengers – designed to assist in the intuitive wayfinding, to reduce passenger anxiety. Carpeted areas feature at check-in counters offering comfort to queuing passengers and assisting with acoustics.
Visitors to the Arrivals and Departure halls are greeted by spectacular crystal cascade waterfalls and vertical ‘green wall’ garden spanning 300 metres along the main building, and reflecting the tropical lush Singaporean landscape. Six metres wide and 18 metres high, the waterfalls are comprised of textured glass bonded to a mirror finish stainless steel structural frame. Designed in conjunction with the landscape architects, the ‘Green Wall’ is three stories high, providing a striking visual statement from both the arrival level and departure level.
The Arrivals level also features a sculptured sandstone art wall grounds the ‘green wall’ and offers an artistic visual ‘welcome’ for arriving passengers awaiting their baggage. The sculptured wall contains images from nature interspersed with ‘welcome’ messages in many languages and scripts. The welcome wall received passengers and encourages tactile exploration of the space.
Airside
Orientation and wayfinding are integral to efficient and optimum ease of passengers through a Terminal of this scale. Changi Airport supports a high proportion of transit passengers and longer dwell times than many other airports; this requires high levels of comfort and amenity to provide a positive experience
To achieve the ‘total journey experience’ for passengers, the airside precinct features a central circulation route connected by 3 main dwell zones. The central zone is located adjacent to outbound immigration and known as the ‘Cross Roads’, a reflection of Singapore as a multicultural and geographic convergence point in the world, a centre of trade, commerce and an international transport hub. The design articulates a high end hotel style lounge and bar, comprising comfortable and stylish seating as well as showcasing some of Singapore’s famous landscaping. A sixteen metre long cantilevered, textured glass water chute spans above the bar area, water flows into three ponds before spilling into a semi-circular pond. Passengers are able to interact with the pond via a timber bridge. The water feature presents a highly visible vertical element into the 3 storey height volume of the cross roads.
Terminal 3 boasts a number of passenger friendly seating areas designed to draw the passenger into the retail spaces. The seating areas include TV lounges, Relax lounges with sleeping facilities - designed with landscaping and natural materials to be soothing and comfortable, café areas with food and beverage kiosks and timber flooring for durability and warmth, Koi ponds provide a soothing point of interest for passengers.
Lounge chairs, tables and upholstery fabrics have been selected to provide an elegant and classic look. Prestigious International and Australian suppliers including names such as Arper, Jardan, Knoll, Maxalto, Moroso, SPHaus, Stylecraft, Verzelloni, Designtex, Instyle, James Richardson, Kvadrat, Loop, Maharam, NSW Manhattan Leathers, Roylston House, Wever and Woven Image
The design of the Interior Architecture is informed by the sustainable principles of the roof structure, maximising the impressive volumes and relating back to the passenger experience.
Materials are selected to minimise the impact on the environment with the ability to be recycled wherever possible.
The design of Terminal 3 provides opportunity of increased commercial revenue in line with the client’s goals, more than 25,000 square metres of floor space has been set aside for more than100 retail stores, over 30 food & beverage outlets and over 20 service concessions. The shopping ‘street’ layout enhances the visibility of the retail outlets, the extensive use of glass within the terminal affords passengers views of both airside and landside shopping and dining zones.

Lead Architect »

Woodhead Pte Ltd
 

Professional Credits »

Base Building Architecture
Ms Rohani Baharin
CPG Consultants Pte Ltd
Singapore, Republic of

Civil Engineer
CPG Consultants
Singapore, Republic of

IT
NCS Communications
Singapore, Republic of

Landscape Architect
Tierra Design
Singapore, Republic of

Lighting Consultant
Lighting Design Partnership
Singapore, Republic of

Main Roof lighting
Bartenbach GmBH
Singapore, Republic of

Roof Architecture
Mr Ross Wimer
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP
United States of America