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Project in Detail

THINKING BEYOND THE STATION: AGUASCALIENTES CITY SUBURBAN TRAIN, MEXICO

Future Projects - Infrastructure, Future Projects - Masterplanning
AGUASCALIENTES, Mexico
RVDG arquitectura+urbanismo, Mexico City, Mexico
2009
World Architecture Festival 2009 - Category Winner

PRESENTATION, LEADING IMAGE 


THINKING BEYOND THE STATION
Building Responsive Cities: Aguascalientes City Suburban Train
Mexico

Introduction

The Mexican Federal government initiated four years ago strategic planning and urban policies for reactivating public transportation and suburban trains in the whole country. After Line 1 completion running from Buenavista to Cuautitlan in the State of Mexico in 2008, Aguascalientes Suburban train represents the second project in mass rapid transportation for our nation, followed by Lines 2 and 3 in Mexico City currently in feasibility studies stage.
Located at the geographical core of Mexico with 1 million inhabitants, Aguascalientes City plays a key role in goods transportation since late XIX century. Today it represents the second city attracting foreign investment in the whole country due to its strategic geographical position and recognized as the best planned city in the country, structured in three concentric vehicular rings surrounding the historic centre, where railway infrastructure cuts through the city from south to north representing a unique opportunity for building communities through transportation, reinforcing and creating public spaces and corridors for development.
We recognize that this is a key moment to make wise transportation decisions around the world and envisioning its influence in our quality of life, the Suburban Train in Aguascalientes City Mexico makes strong emphasis in the capacity of infrastructure in building responsive cities, able to support placemaking and create walkable, healthy and sustainable communities. THINKING BEYOND THE STATION approaches infrastructure and transit facilities articulating social and urban fragmentation, positioning Aguascalientes in the Regional map for best cities where to live and invest.

Project Components

The project is structured in 3 core areas; they reflect our critical position on how to build cities via infrastructural initiatives leading to urban cohesion and social integration:
1. Railway infrastructure
Railway infrastructure consists of eleven stations from Arellano Station to Rincon de Romos, located along 47 kilometers of rail and track systems. The train system is designed to move 65 thousand users per day. Two transport modal interchanges located on Siglo XXI Sur and Siglo XXI Norte stations where mayor buses from urban and suburban routes feed the suburban train system based on local government studies for restructuration of “Aguascalientes State Integral Transportation System”. This study envisions the suburban train as a key component of a whole regional transportation project.

2. Stations

Stations design is represented in four typologies in response to accessibility, urban plots disposition and its relation with historic context. They function as articulators with the city fabric and with the social and physical particularities of site conditions. They are conceived to give identity to train system users, bus travelers and local passengers.

TR. Compact steel skeleton for stations in suburban areas.
B. Station-Retail Building: Aguascalientes Norte y Sur Stations. Consists of an urban block hosting traveler facilities around an elliptical patio connecting with bus station platform.
T. Modal Interchange Stations: Siglo XXI Norte y Siglo XXI Sur Stations. They represent two mayor transportation hubs for the city, with retail facilities, shops and restaurants, bus station platform for intercity, urban and suburban routes.
C. Central Station: Located in “Tres Centurias Historic Complex” registered at TICCIH “The International Committee for the Conservation of the Industrial Heritage”. We use the station as a vehicle for area regeneration, valuable railway infrastructure, maintenance depots and warehouses are transformed into mixed uses development.

3. Beyond Stations: Patio Concept Strategy and Typologies for Urban Regeneration

We need to think beyond the station to the communities that host them, besides the chance to improve mobility; we first focus on accessibility and connecting people and places, articulating and reconstructing what is fragmented. Our intervention considers a series of patio typologies hosting diverse facilities beyond stations. It includes retail, office space, low income housing and culture articulated by pedestrian paths and diverse new public spaces.

This strategy allows us to capture the value of public transportation investments for local communities triggering new interactivity and public spaces. We propose these typologies for the urban regeneration of Central Station area and its connectivity with “Tres Centurias Complex”. It is translated into an elliptical pedestrian bridge and train station that symbolizes integration of diversity, integration of past and future. With this decision we encourage development to the Orient side of Aguascalientes Historic Centre, reinforcing an existing corridor through historic squares and buildings.

Lead Architect »

RVDG arquitectura+urbanismo
Mexico City
Mexico
 

Professional Credits »

Architect
Mr Mario Alquicira
RVDG arquitectura+urbanismo
Mexico
52 55 5754 1111
mario@rvdg.com.mx

Architect
Mr Victor Cruz
RVDG arquitectura+urbanismo
Mexico

Architect
Mr Josue Dario
RVDG arquitectura+urbanismo
Mexico
52 55 57541111

Architect
Mr Gaston de Gyves Pineda
RVDG arquitectura+urbanismo
Mexico
52 55 5754 1111
gaston@rvdg.com.mx

Architect
Mr Israel Diaz
RVDG arquitectura+urbanismo
Mexico
52 55 5754 11 11

Architect
Mr Rafael Duran
RVDG arquitectura+urbanismo
Mexico
52 55 5754 1111
rduran@rvdg.com.mx

Architect
Miss Edith Ledesma
RVDG arquitectura+urbanismo
Mexico
52 55 5754 1111

Architect
Mr Enrique Pasalagua
RVDG arquitectura+urbanismo
Mexico
52 5557541111

graphic designer
Mr Carlos David Vivanco
RVDG arquitectura+urbanismo
Mexico
52 55 57541111
cdvivanco@rvdg.com.mx

Principal Architect
Mr Ruysdael Vivanco de Gyves
RVDG arquitectura+urbanismo
Mexico
52 55 575411 11
ruysdael@rvdg.com.mx