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Project in Detail

The Adaptation Palettes: Regenerative Landscape Design

Landscape
Tianjin, China
Kongjian Yu - Turenscape
Turenscape, China
2009
World Architecture Festival 2009 - Category Winner

Regenerative Landscape Design 
Cao Yang Kongjian Yu - Turenscape 


Through Regenerative Design and by allotting landforms, the natural process of plant adaptation and community evolution is introduced to transform a former deserted shooting range used as a garbage dump, into a low maintenance urban park; providing diverse nature’s services for the city including containing and purifying storm water; improving the saline-alkali soil, providing opportunities for environmental education and creating a cherished aesthetic experience.
This is a park of twenty-two hectares in the northern coastal city of Tianjin, China. Rapid urbanization had changed a peripheral shooting range into a garbage dump and drainage sink for urban storm water; the site was heavy polluted, littered, deserted, and surrounded with slums and temporary rickety structures, which where torn down before the design was commissioned. The soil is quite saline and alkaline. Densely populated at the south and east boundaries.
The overall design goal for this project is to create a park that can provide a diversity of nature’s services for the city and the surrounding urban residents, including: containing and purifying urban storm water; improving the saline-alkali soil through natural processes; recovering the regional landscape’s with low maintenance native vegetation; providing opportunities for environmental education about native landscapes and natural systems, storm water management, soil improvement, and landscape sustainability; and creating a cherished aesthetic experience.
The regional landscape is flat and was once rich in wetlands and salt marshes, which had been mostly destroyed by decades of urban development and infrastructure construction. Though it is difficult to grow trees in the saline-alkali soil, the ground cover and wetland vegetation are rich and vary in response to subtle changes in the water table and PH values.
Inspired by the adaptive vegetation communities that dotted the landscape in this region, the solution for this park was developed called The Adaptation Palettes, which was designed to let the nature work. A simple landscape Regenerative Design strategy was devised, one that included digging twenty-one pond cavities varying from twenty to forty meters in diameter, and from one to five meters in depth. The garbage was handled in the earth work. Some cavities are below ground level and some above on mounds.
Through the raining season and due to the shallow underground water, some cavities turn into water ponds, some into wetlands, some into seasonal pool, and some stay as dry cavities. Through seasons’ rain wash and filtration, the saline-alkali soil of the dry cavities get improved, while nutrients deposit in the deeper ponds that catch storm water runoff.
Diverse habitats were created and the natural process of plant adaptation and community evolution were initiated. Seeds of mixed plant species were sowed initially to start the vegetation, and other native species were allowed to grow wherever suitable. Through the seasons’ evolution, patches of unique vegetation establish in correspondence to the individual wet or dry cavities, and various PH values. The allotment landscape reflects the regional water- and alkaline-sensitive vegetation.

Within some of the cavities are wood platforms that allow visitors to sit right in the middle of the vegetation patches. A network of red-colored asphalt was designed to weave through the palettes and allow visitors to stroll through the patchy landscape. Along the paths is an environmental interpretation system that gives descriptions of natural patterns, processes, and native species.
The park achieved its growth in just two years: One year of construction and almost one year open to public. Storm water is retained in the water cavities, allowing diverse water-sensitive communities to evolve. Seasonal changes in plant species occur and integrate with the beauty of the “messy” native landscape, attracting thousands of visitors every day. In the first two month of its opening, from the October to November of 2008, about 200,000 people visited the park. Yet, it has been a successful park which changes its landscape throughout the year period, constantly visited by the community, needs very little maintenance.
This project helps to define the new aesthetics of landscape today, defined by a continuous evolving process. Untidy forms, unplanned biodiversity and nature’s “messiness” keep ongoing, letting plants live and expose their genuine beauty to enrich the landscape. The ecology-driven Adaptation Palettes has become a valuable and remarkable site of the community of Tianjin.

Captions:
1. Key Image
2. Existing Site
3. A former shooting range, shown as a garbage dump and drainage sink for urban storm water
4. The design concept: let nature work: the adaptation process visualized in habitat patches sensitive to water and soil PH values. Inspired by the regional landscape with patchy habitats sensitive to subtle changes of water and PH values
5,6,7,8,9. Sections and Details.
10. Master Plan
11. The construction processes: initiate the evolving process of vegetation
12. South-west corner view, showing the divers patchy landscape of pond cavities occupied by various plant communities
13. A deep pond occupied by water lily in the water and surrounded on the shore by Rosemallow (Hibiscus syriacus) and Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
14. A deep pond, occupied by water lily in the water and surrounded on the shore by Chinese Pennisetum (Pennisetum alopecuroides) and native grass
15. A shallow pond: occupied in the water by various species of Typha and surrounded on the shore by Rosemallow (Hibiscus syriacus) and Aizoon Stonecrop(Sedum aizoon)
16. A shallow pond: occupied in the water by couple species of Cyperus, reed (Phragmites Australis), and Aizoon Stonecrop (Sedum aizoon)
17. A green pond: seasonal wet bubble, occupied by a native species of Nuphar (Nuphar Sinense) in the center and reed at the edge, Chinese Pennisetum on shore.
18. A green pond: boardwalk and a wood platform occupied overwhelm by reed population
19. A dry cavity upon a mound above a garbage dump. Occupied by the Aizoon Stonecrop (Sedum aizoon), and surrounded by Garden cosmos (Cosmos bipinnatus), totally different plant community from the water ponds and wet bubbles,
20. A path network weaves through the palettes and allow visitors to stroll through the patchy landscape covered with “messy” native grass

Lead Architect »

Kongjian Yu - Turenscape
 

Professional Credits »

Architect
Mr Alejandro Camprubi
Turenscape
China
86-10-6274-5616
workshop@turenscape.com

Landscape Architect
Mr Xianjun Feng
Turenscape
China
+86 13671376797
a_fengxj@163.com

Landscape Architect
Mr Hanyu Hu
Turenscape
China
+86 13691048323
fantegelo@yahoo.com

Landscape Architect
Mr Jun Jia
Turenscape
China
+86 13911226392
hero20010415@sohu.com

Landscape Architect
Mrs Li Lin
Turenscape
China
+86 13810600801
turen04@163.com

Landscape Architect
Mr Sheng Qi
Turenscape
China
+86 138 113 128 43
shiren74@vip.sohu.com

Landscape Architect
Mr Chun Shi
Turenscape
China
+86 13641043340
shichun0419@yahoo.com.cn

Landscape Architect
Mr Xinglan Su
Turenscape
China
+86 13661144680
bgsn381@163.com

Landscape Architect
Mr Peng Sun
Turenscape
China
86-10-6274-5616
workshop@turenscape.com

Landscape Architect
Mr Yunfeng Wang
Turenscape
China
+86 13801120986
bjwyf4297@126.com

Landscape Architect
Mr Jun Wang
Turenscape
China
+86 13763352242

Landscape Architect
Mr Kongjian Yu
Turenscape
China
86 159.0105.9353
kj@turenscape.com

Landscape Architect
Mr Bo Zhang
Turenscape
China
zb0461@vip.sina.com
 

Supplier / Product Credits »

Landscape Construction
Tianjin TEDA Eco-Landscape Development Co., Ltd.
China
Mr Xu Zhang
+86 02225323537
landscape@teda.tj.cn